Conversation TerminologySee also The Language of Conversation
|A||SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION (SYNTAX)|
|Random, disjointed, unpredictable, loosely coordinated.|
|1||Simple Sentence:||has only one clause|
eg. Is OK.; It couldn't be better; How's things with you?
|2||Minor Sentence:||has no verb|
eg. Barrington forward.
|3||Ellipsis:||omission of word or words making a sentence grammatically incorrect and difficult to follow.|
|4||Proseopesis:||omission of subject or beginning of sentence|
eg. It's OK... couldn't be better... can't grumble...
|5||Anacoluthon:||starting a sentence with one structure and finishing with another|
eg. Once he's in position if he's... he's he's er moves very quickly.
|6||Tag Sentences:||is tagged on to the main sentence|
eg. But that's life, isn't it?
|7||Parataxis:||listing of phrases leading to a climax|
eg. It's cool, it's fresh, it's invigorating, it's Coke.
|8||Takeovers:||interpretations by one speaker before the other has finished.|
|9||Relative Pronouns Omitted:||(who, which, what)|
eg. The girl I saw at the beach.
|1||Verbal Contradictions:||using abbreviated verb forms|
eg. couldn't, won't, can't, I've.
|2||Phrasal Verbs:||(Verb and particle combinations) to take off, to build up, to consult with, to check up on, to walk out on.|
|C||NON FLUENCY FEATURES|
|1||Fillers:||eg. eh, gosh.|
|2||Temporisers:||eg. sort of, I mean...|
|3||Repetition for stalling purposes||(any repetition)|
|1||Deictic Reference:||reference to preceding object using determiners.|
|2||Determiners:||eg. the, this, those.|
|3||Intensifiers:||adjectives and adverbs that intensify or modify nouns/verbs|
eg. too, pretty, quite, rather, bit.
|4||Initial Markers:||eg. Well...; But...|
|5||Colloquialisms, Slang and Clichés:|
|6||Hyperbole or Exaggeration:||eg. I have a ton of homework.|
|7||Feedback||eg. yeah, mmmm|