Features of Text Forms
Reports"Reports can be straightforward recounts of events, but many of them are more than this. They may contain accounts and descriptions, but they often do more than describe a thing, event or situation. Some reports state a problem and suggest a solution. Some argue a case for or against a particular option, supporting their case with evidence and making a recommendation."
(The Learner as a Reader, Learning Media NZ:P 129)
The purpose of a report is to describe and classify information. Reports have a logical sequence of facts that are stated without any personal involvement from the writer.
Informative reports are written about living things like plants and animals and non-living things like cars or oceans. An information report is used when we talk and write about, eg. Bikes. (When writing a description we only talk/write about one specific thing, eg. My Bike).
- an opening statement. (The Antarctic
is a large continent at the South Pole or Possums are nocturnal animals
that were introduced to New Zealand from Australia)
- a series of facts about various aspects of the subject
eg where possums live, what they eat, problems they cause, etc.
- paragraphs have been used to organise information
- organisation of information is coherent
- diagrams, photographs, illustrations and maps may be used
to enhance the text
- reports don't usually have an 'ending", although sometimes the
detailed information is rounded off by
some general statement about the topic.
- Nouns and
noun phrases are used rather than
personal pronouns. The
use of personal pronouns is limited.
- Most reports are written in the
- Some reports use technical or scientific terms.
- Linking verbs are used, eg. is, are, has, have, belong to, to
- Uses some action verbs (climb, eat).
- Descriptive language is used that is factual rather than imaginative eg colour, shape, size, body parts, habits, behaviours, functions, uses.
Reports usually consist of the following:
- Leap! Frog! English Online New Zealand unit
- Taking Good Care of Ourselves English Online New Zealand unit
- Extra! Extra! English Online New Zealand unit
- Endangered Species English Online New Zealand unit
- Destination Unknown English Online California unit
- Newspaper Report English Online New Zealand unit
- Whale Watch - Orca Report English Online New Zealand unit
- Yellow Eyed Penguins - Report English Online New Zealand unit
- asTTle What Next
- Hood, H. Left to Write Too (2000) Dunmore Press.
Writing a Report page 54-56
Modelling the Report page 59
- Wing Jan, L. Write Ways: Modelling Writing Forms. (1991). Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Reports page 29, 30, 31
- Derewianka, B. Exploring How Texts Work. (1990). Sydney: Primary Teaching Association.
Information Reports page 47-56
- Knapp, P. & Watkins, M. Context-Text-Grammar (1994) Text Productions.
Text forms that order page 17
The structure of formal descriptions page 58-59
- Ministry of Education. The Learner as a Reader NZ: Learning Media.
Close Reading - Reports page 129-135