- The task is broken down into component parts. For example, into the sentences, paragraphing, pictures, and diagrams which make up the story or article; or into a series of steps such as in making a paper flower, conducting a scientific experiment. An example is a jigsaw where a picture has been pasted on cardboard and then cut into pieces. Another example is when each group has a problem to solve and each student receives a piece of information which, when combined with the other pieces of information, will provide the solution.
- The class is divided into groups and each group is given a set of cards. Each student in the group is given one card. The new learner is given a card that is not linguistically demanding.
- The group puts the picture/text together by asking questions of the other group members about the gaps they have in their information and recording the answers on their sheet. Each learner has a piece of information that the others need, but do not have, so there has to be communication amongst the learners so that the task can be completed by all.
An example of a combining task: